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Dumbarnie links history dates back to 1837 and The Hercules Club

FIFE, Scotland (January 12, 2023) – Dumbarnie Links, a premier daily-fee links course located on the east coast of Scotland near St Andrews that opened for play in 2020, has a surprisingly rich golf history dating back to 1837. Details of the once famous Dumbarnie or Colinsburgh golf club have been recently unearthed.

Sir Ralph Anstruther Bart.jpg

The first ‘meeting’ occurred on November 9th, 1837 when the first competitive round in history records Mr. John Wood, a banker from Colinsburgh, winning in a playoff with Sir Ralph A. Anstruther Bart of Balcaskie, after both came in equal at 109 strokes. 
By the end of 1837, the Hercules Club had enrolled 47 members, comprising of almost all of the landed proprietors in the neighbourhood. Often the meetings would commence with rifle shootings and conclude with formal dinners. Meetings would take place two to three times per year with the purpose of the club being to embrace a great variety of games and exercise.

The Hercules Golf Club joined forces with the East of Fife Gymnastic Club who had played games on the Dumbarnie Links since 1835. Athletics, rifle shooting and golf were often played over the links and were known as the "Colinsburgh Games and Golf Meeting." 

The following report appeared in the Fife Herald on Thursday 29th May 1845:

“Hercules Golfing Club - On Friday last, the members of this distinguished club met on Dumbarnie Links to play for the "Halkett Craigie" medal, which, after a keen competition, was gained by George Todd, Saltcoats, Haddingtonshire. At five o'clock twenty-one of the members sat down to dinner in Mr. Ronald's Inn, Colinsburgh.

In absence of Colonel Lindsay of Balcarres, their captain, Robert Gillespie Smythe of Gibliston, was called to the chair; Mr. George Wood, secretary to the club, acting croupier (assistant chairman). After the loyal toasts were given, the health of Charles Halkett Craigie (the "laird of the links") was proposed and warmly responded to. 


In August 1845, the ‘Colinsburgh Gymnastic Games and Golf Meeting’ had official prize money of up to 200 Sterling for the ‘running high leap.’ The competition for the members of the golf club was the Hume Medal. It is reported that a vast number of people assembled to Dumbarnie Links for the proceedings, up to eight thousand, whom enjoyed refreshment tents and a live band. According to media at the time, the scenes were imposing and happy. The Hercules Golf Club commenced play at 10 o’clock, where 18 competitors took to the links for two rounds. After two rounds on the course there was a tie for first place between William Clark, Hallhead, and Mr. Martin, Edinburgh; Mr. Clark won the playoff for the medal.

In July 1847 it was announced by George Wood, club secretary, that the Hume Medal would be played on the 23rd July. This would be followed by dinner at Mr. Ronald's Inn.”


The following report appeared in the Caledonian Mercury on Monday 24th July 1848. 

“Colinsburgh Games and Golf Meeting - The meeting for the gymnastic games and the Hercules Golf Club competition for the Schiehallion Medal, presented to the club by Captain Campbell, St Andrews, came off on Dumbarnie Links on Wednesday the 3rd. The golf competition commenced the proceedings and after a spirited contest of two rounds of the Links, was gained by John Clark, Wormiston, 105 strokes. The members, after partaking of a cold coallition in the Golf House, proceeded to the gymnastic arena.

The competition for The Scheihallion Medal was played on the 13th July 1849 and was won by the champion of Leven Links, David Wallace, with a score of 97.”


These traditions and games ensued through to the last records dated in 1870, when players may have favoured Leven Links instead. It is believed that the last members were Rintoul of Lahill, Morgan of Coats, and John Flockhart, Banker, Colinsburgh. It was of the nature of an athletic society and the golfing section now represented by the flourishing Elie Golf House Club, and the curling by the Hercules who play on Kilconquhar Loch.

It may be of interest to some familiar with the history of the game to note the list of the early club winners. It ran: John Berwick, Elie 1837;  Major Hugh (afterwards Sir Hugh) Playfair, the ever famous provost of St Andrews, 1838;  John Clark, Wormiston 1839;  Halkett Graigie of Lahil and Dumbarnie, 1840 and 1841;  Fernie of Lilmux 1842;  John Wood, Banker, Colinsburgh, 1843; Captain Campbell of Schiehallion, 1844, 1846, 1847;  George Todd, Balcomie, 1845, 1848.

Commenting on the club’s heritage, Dumbarnie Links General Manager David Scott: “While we are a new golf course, it is most interesting to learn that just a stone’s throw away from the land where Clive Clark’s design is blossoming, was once a fine golf course where notable gentlemen of their day enjoyed many matches.  We are proud of the club’s rich history and felt it was important to tell the Dumbarnie story. As we have now closed for the winter to rest our young links, we look forward to welcoming our golfers back when we re-open on Friday 14th April 2023.”

About Dumbarnie Links

Blessed with such an expanse of beach and water frontage, Dumbarnie Links is a true Premier Links course with a modern twist. The 18-hole course has been founded, developed and designed by renowned course architect, Clive Clark, a former Ryder Cup player. The aim of Dumbarnie Links is to provide a world-class, prestigious golf course on a site of genuine links land that is only minutes away from St Andrews, the “Home of Golf” coupled with service standards that do justice to the quality of the experience. This incredible piece of land has a mile and a half of sea frontage with panoramic views over the Firth of Forth. Opened in 2020, Dumbarnie Links was named “2021 Development of the Year” by Golf Inc., “2021 Best New Golf Course Worldwide” by World Golf Awards and “Scotland’s Best Golf Experience 2021” by Scottish Golf Tourism Association.  Dumbarnie Links was also selected to host The Women’s Scottish Open in 2021. Visit for more information.

About Troon 

Dumbarnie Links is professionally managed by Troon. Headquartered in Scottsdale, Ariz., Troon is the world’s largest golf and golf-related hospitality management company providing services at 750-plus locations, including 725-plus 18-hole equivalent golf courses around the globe. In addition to golf, Troon specializes in homeowner association management, private residence clubs, estate management and associated hospitality venues. Troon’s award-winning food and beverage division operates and manages 600-plus food and beverage operations located at golf resorts, private clubs, daily fee golf courses and recreational facilities. With properties located in 45-plus states and 30-plus countries, Troon’s family of brands includes Troon Golf, Troon Privé, Troon International, Indigo Sports, CADDIEMASTER, ClubUp, Cliff Drysdale Tennis, Peter Burwash International, True Club Solutions, RealFood Hospitality, Strategy and Design, Casa Verde Golf and ICON Management. For additional news and information, visit

David Scott
Dumbarnie Links
+44 7969 464391

Rob Myers
(480) 477-0506